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Tên Performance of Al2O3 nanofluids in minimum quantity lubrication in hard milling of 60Si2Mn steel using cemented carbide tools
Lĩnh vực Cơ khí - Động lực
Tác giả Duc Tran Minh, Long Tran The and Ngoc Tran Bao
Nhà xuất bản / Tạp chí Advances in Mechanical Engineering Tập 9 Số 7 Năm 2017
Số hiệu ISSN/ISBN 1687 - 8140
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Abstract In this article, an attempt has been made to explore the potential performance of Al2O3 nanoparticle–based cutting fluid in hard milling of hardened 60Si2Mn steel (50-52 HRC) under different minimum quantity lubrication conditions. The comparison of hard milling under minimum quantity lubrication conditions is done between pure cutting fluids and nanofluids (in terms of surface roughness, cutting force, tool wear, and tool life). Hard milling under minimum quantity lubrication conditions with nanofluid Al2O3 of 0.5% volume has shown superior results. The improvement in tool life almost 177%–230% (depending on the type of nanofluid) and the reduction in surface roughness and cutting forces almost 35%– 60% have been observed under minimum quantity lubrication with Al2O3 nanofluids due to better tribological behavior as well as cooling and lubricating effects. The most outstanding result is that the uncoated cemented carbide insert can be effectively used in machining high-hardness steels (.50HRC) while maintaining long tool life and good surface integrity (Ra=0.08–0.35mm; Rz=0.5–2.0mm, equivalent to finish grinding) rather than using the costlier tools like coated carbide, ceramic, and (P)CBN. Therefore, using hard nanoparticle–reinforced cutting fluid under minimum quantity lubrication conditions in practical manufacturing becomes very promising.